UN Member States set to appoint next Secretary-General; ഐക്യരാഷ്ട്ര സഭയുടെ അടുത്ത സെക്രട്ടറി ജനറലായി പോര്‍ച്ചുഗീസ് മുന്‍ പ്രധാനമന്ത്രി അന്റോണിയോ ഗുട്ടെറസിനെ നാളെ പ്രഖ്യാപിക്കും

Mr. Antonio Guterres former United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees addressed the press at the stakeout after the casual meeting with member states

യുണൈറ്റഡ് നേഷന്‍സ്: ഐക്യരാഷ്ട്ര സഭയുടെ അടുത്ത സെക്രട്ടറി ജനറലായി പോര്‍ച്ചുഗീസ് മുന്‍ പ്രധാനമന്ത്രി അന്റോണിയോ ഗുട്ടെറസിനെ നാളെ  പ്രഖ്യാപിക്കും. അദ്ദേഹത്തിന്റെ നിയമനം നാളെ  ചേരുന്ന യുഎന്‍ പൊതുസഭ അംഗീകരിക്കും. പത്തുവര്‍ഷത്തെ കാലാവധി പൂര്‍ത്തിയാക്കി സെക്രട്ടറി ബാന്‍ കി മൂണ്‍ ഡിസംബര്‍ 31ന് സ്ഥാനമൊഴിയും. ജനുവരി ഒന്നിന് ഗുട്ടെറസ് സ്ഥാനമേല്‍ക്കും. 2022 ഡിസംബര്‍ 31 വരെയാണ് ഗുട്ടെറസിന്റെ കാലാവധി.

1995മുതല്‍ 2002വരെ പോര്‍ച്ചുഗീസ് പ്രധാനമന്ത്രിയായിരുന്ന ഗുട്ടെറസ് പിന്നീട് അഭയാര്‍ഥികള്‍ക്കായുള്ള യുഎന്‍ ഹൈക്കമ്മീഷണറായി പ്രവര്‍ത്തിച്ചു. 67കാരനായ ഗുട്ടെറസിന് പോര്‍ച്ചുഗീസ്, സ്പാനിഷ്, ഇംഗ്ലീഷ്, ഫ്രഞ്ച് ഭാഷകളില്‍ പ്രാവീണ്യമുണ്ട്.

70 വര്‍ഷത്തെ ചരിത്രമുള്ള യുഎന്നിന് ഇത്തവണ വനിതാ പ്രസിഡന്റ് വേണമെന്ന് നിരവധി അംഗരാഷ്ട്രങ്ങളും സംഘടനകളും ആവശ്യപ്പെട്ടിരുന്നു. എന്നാല്‍ ഗുട്ടെറസിന്റെ കാര്യം ഉറപ്പായ സാഹചര്യത്തില്‍ വനിതാ പ്രസിഡന്റിന് വേണ്ടി ഇനിയും കാത്തിരിക്കേണ്ടി വരും.

UN Member States set to appoint next Secretary-General

The General Assembly tomorrow is expected to act on the recommendation of the Security Council regarding the appointment of the next Secretary-General of the United Nations; last week, the Council forwarded to the 193-member body its nomination, António Guterres, former Prime Minister of Portugal, to be the next UN chief.

Mr. Guterres, aged 67, was Prime Minister of Portugal from 1995 to 2002, and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees from June 2005 to December 2015.

If the Security Council’s recommendation is confirmed, Mr. Guterres will succeed current Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, of the Republic of Korea, who was appointed in 2006 and will leave the post at the end of this year.

The new Secretary-General will assume the role in January 2017 and will serve a five year term, which can be renewed by Member States for an additional five years.

On an official visit to Italy, last week when the Council forward its decision to the Assembly, Mr. Ban said in Rome that Mr. Guterres is “an excellent choice,” noting that the two had worked closely during Mr. Guterres “long and outstanding tenure” as the UN High Commissioner for Refugees.

Under procedures for appointing the world body’s new chief, after the recommendation is transmitted from the Council to the Assembly, a draft resolution is issued for the Assembly to take action. After appropriate consultations with Member States, the Assembly President fixes a date for the draft to be taken up.

The last five Secretaries-General were appointed by the Assembly through a resolution adopted by consensus. A vote will take place only if a Member State requests it and a simple majority of those voting would be required for the Assembly to adopt the resolution. But the Assembly could decide that the decision requires a two-thirds majority. If a vote is taken, it will be by secret ballot.

The UN Charter, signed in 1945 as the foundation of the Organization, says relatively little about how a Secretary-General is to be selected, aside from Article 97, which notes that the candidate “shall be appointed by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.”

At its first session in 1946, the General Assembly was much more active in the selection process. It created resolution A/RES/1/11 determining that the Council take the lead in the selection process, agree on a single name in a private meeting, and pass that name down to the General Assembly for a vote.

In addition to Mr. Guterres, 12 other candidates were in the running for the position.

Action in the Assembly will culminate an historic process: the selection of a new United Nations Secretary-General, traditionally decided behind closed-doors by a few powerful countries, has for the first time, involved public discussions with each candidate campaigning for the world’s top diplomatic post.

These so-called ‘informal briefings’ between the candidates, UN Member States and civil society representatives kicked off on 12 April, when the first three candidates presented their ‘vision statements’ and answered questions on how they would promote sustainable development, improve efforts to create peace, protect human rights, and deal with huge humanitarian catastrophes should they be selected to lead the Organization.

In addition, this past July, the UN held its first-ever globally televised and webcast townhall-style debate in the General Assembly Hall, where the confirmed candidates at the time took questions from diplomats and the public at large.

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